How does experience, which is so intimately tied to our perception of time and space, arise from timeless, non-spatial ingredients?

holds that even the smallest layers of reality have experience. Fundamental particles have minute levels of , and in a watered-down sense, they are subjects of experience. When particles are in extremely sophisticated configurations, such as when they are in nervous systems, more sophisticated forms of arise.  aims to locate the building blocks of reality in the most basic layer of reality identified by a completed physics. Indeed, panpsychists claim that it is a virtue of their theory that it meshes with fundamental physics, for experience is the underlying of the properties that physics identifies.

Source: Spacetime Emergence, Panpsychism and the Nature of Consciousness